Tufts faculty conduct sustainability research in three main areas:
Luisa Chiesa's primary research area is in
superconducting materials for energy application. Specifically, Chiesa is interested in
magnet systems for fusion machines in order to understand the electro-mechanical
behaviors of superconducting materials in both low- and high-temperature superconductors.
Nano Catalysis and Energy Laboratory
Professor Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, the Robert and Marcy Haber
Endowed Professor in Energy Sustainability, researches clean energy technologies. Specifically, she investigates novel nanoscale catalysts and sorbents for air pollutant abatement and
for the production of clean hydrogen fuel cell use.
current research interests include reduced power consumption precision
temperature using thermoelectric module-variable conductance heat pipe
assemblies, energy scavenging from waste heat using thermoelectric
power generators, and the theory and applications of superhydrophobic
Professor Jeff Hopwood has worked primarily in the fields of plasma
processing and plasma source design. His current research interests
include microplasma-based environmental sensors and novel plasma
processes for the fabrication of nanoscale devices.
Integrated Circuits and Systems Laboratory
Associate Professor Valencia Koomson's research interests are in
silicon-based analog/mixed-signal integrated circuits with a
particular focus on circuits that interface with photonic devices
for high-speed communication, sensing, and biomedical imaging.
Senior Lecturer Gary Leisk teaches courses and conducts
research in the areas of design, materials characterizations,
nondestructive evaluation, manufacturing applications, and signal
process using the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) method.
Jerry Meldon's research interests include: membrane
science and technology, especially transport in polymeric and (of
hydrogen in) palladium alloy membranes and catalytic membrane reactors;
mass transfer with chemical reaction; and mathematical modeling of
transport phenomena, especially coupled to reaction.
Daniel Ryder's research interests include membrane
science and technology and process control applications.
Anil Saigal's research interests are in the areas of advanced
materials and composites, creep, microstructural analysis, finite element
modeling, measurement and modeling of residual strains and stresses in
metal, intermetallic, and ceramic matrix composites, manufacturing processes,
machining of engineering materials, deformation process simulation,
Taguchi analysis, non-destructive analysis, processing, physical metallurgy,
mechanical behavior, and heat treatment.
Associate Professor Tom Vandervelde is bringing new approaches to the quest
for cheaper solar power. One technique uses quantum dots, tiny crystalline
structures that enhance the absorption of light. Vandervelde is working with
graduate students to fabricate solar panels with quantum dots and with other
materials that are sensitive to different wavelengths or colors in sunlight,
to test them for efficiency.
Hyunmin Yi's general research interests lie in biochemically
driven nanometer scale fabrication (nanobiofabrication) of high throughput
biosensors, biophotonic devices and nanocatalysts for biomedical, environmental
and energy applications using smart biopolymers and viral nanotemplates.
Water and the Environment
Environmental Systems Laboratory
Professor Linda Abriola's primary research area is in the mathematical modeling
of the transport and fate of organic chemical contaminants in porous media. She
developed one of the first mathematical models to describe the interphase mass
partitioning and non-aqueous phase migration of organic liquid contaminants in
the subsurface. Her recent research involves the use of models and laboratory
experiments to examine abiotic and biotic processes influencing the persistence
of organics and controlling the effectiveness of aquifer remediation technologies.
John Durant's research interests include chemical exchange
between surface waters and aquatic sediments, transport and transformation of
pollutants in wetland systems, watershed-scale chemical fate and transport processes,
and watershed management for parasite control.
Water and Environmental
Research, Education, and Applications Solution Network (WE REASoN)
Shafiqul Islam emphasizes interdisciplinary
approaches to understand and model the coupling between land surface and atmospheric
processes, with a particular emphasis on scale issues and remote sensing.
Lab for Imaging
Eric Miller's research focuses on image processing and inverse methods
applied to a range of problems associated with environmental and medical sensing.
In the environmental space, he is working closely with
professors Abriola and Ramsburg
in the development of processing methods for the characterization of regions of
subsurface contamination based on hydrological as well as geophysical data sets.
Techniques from the fields of machine learning and shape-based inverse methods are
being considered. The work is supported by the Strategic Environmental Research and
Development Program and the National Science Foundation's Hydrology Program.
Environmental Systems Laboratory
Kurt Pennell's current research projects focus on the transport and
retention of carbon-based nanoparticles in porous media, the effects of partial
mass removal on contaminant distribution and groundwater plume development, chemical
and biological reactions during thermal treatment, coupled surfactant flushing and
bioremediation for treatment of chlorinated solvent source zones, and the measurement
of chlorinated organic compounds and neuroactive steroids in human plasma and tissue
in relation to Parkinson's disease and seizure frequency, respectively.
Environmental Systems Laboratory
Andrew Ramsburg's research involves innovative aquifer remediation
technologies including source-zone flushing, contaminant fate and transport in the
subsurface environment with an emphasis on physical-chemical processes affecting
Richard Vogel's primary expertise is in the areas of hydrology and water
resource engineering with emphasis on hydrologic, hydraulic and statistical methods
for analyzing water resource systems. His current research program focuses upon the
areas of watershed modeling and management, water quality, regional hydrology,
environmental statistics and the new field of hydromorphology.
Babak Moaveni's research interests include Structural health
monitoring, system and damage identification of civil structures, experimental modal
analysis, signal processing, finite element analysis and finite element model updating,
structural dynamics, earthquake engineering, structural reliability and risk analysis,
uncertainty quantification, verification and validation of computational models.
Masoud Sanayei's research interests include finite element analysis and
structural dynamics, structural analysis and design, bridge condition assessment and
failure detection, floor vibration testing, instrumentation, nondestructive testing
and data acquisition, and earthquake engineering.