Regenerative Medicine — Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Combining knowledge in cell and molecular biology, physiology with biomaterials, biomechanics and biotransport phenomena, regenerative medicine aims to understand the mechanical, structural and biological processes associated with designing and developing systems to repair or replace damaged organs and tissues. Current research activities address aspects of cellular engineering, biomaterials and tissue engineering.
- Cardiovascular Tissue Engineering
(Associate Professor Lauren Black)
Dr. Black's research interests lie in understanding the biophysical signaling mechanisms responsible for the development of healthy and diseased myocardium inclusive of mechanical stress/strain, electrical stimulation, and cell-cell/ cell-matrix interactions. The ultimate goal of his research is to design and develop new methods for repairing diseased or damaged myocardium.
- Initiative for Neural Science, Disease & Engineering (INSciDE at Tufts)
(Professor David Kaplan, Research Associate Professor Thomas Nieland)
The Initiative for Neural Science, Disease & Engineering (INSciDE at Tufts) is a new interdisciplinary center with multi-scale focus on brain and peripheral nervous system structure, function, and disease. Launched in the fall of 2017 from the new Science & Engineering Complex (SEC) on the campus of Tufts University, the goal of the initiative is to elucidate the molecular pathways and cellular and neural circuit defects that cause neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. Led by the team of David Kaplan, PhD (Director, INSciDE; Professor & Chair, BME), Michael Lovett, PhD (Deputy Director, INSciDE), and Thomas Nieland, PhD (Research Associate Professor, BME & INSciDE), the focus of INSciDE is to integrate bioengineering, stem cell biology, and regenerative medicine with technological innovation and therapeutic approaches to unravel the mechanisms of cognition and to uncover cures for neurological diseases, including Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
- Material Science Engineering
(Associate Professor Qiaobing Xu)
Dr. Xu's research interests lie at the intersection of material science engineering, specifically nanoscience, and biomedical application. His work looks at developing new synthetic materials for the delivery of therapeutic biomacromolecules. In previous work, Xu synthesized a library of lipid-like molecules, which were tested for efficacy both in vitro and in vivo in the delivery of protein and messenger RNA. Xu is currently investigating the use of drug delivery to stimulate host immune system for cancer vaccine applications, and micro/nanofabrication for tissue engineering applications.
- Tissue Engineering and Resource Center
(Professor David Kaplan)
Research at the Tissue Engineering Resource Center (TERC) includes, but is not limited to: scaffold designs to control stem cell differentiation; designing new scaffolds with consideration for mechanical function, rates of matrix remodeling, cell responses, and tissue outcomes; advanced bioreactor systems to impart controlled environmental stimuli to cells cultured on scaffolds; and characterization of tissues through nondestructive imaging.
Sensing Systems — Medical Instrumentation and Measurement
The development of new methodologies for image acquisition and processing is necessary to establish new procedures for monitoring therapy response and clinical diagnosis. Current research activities aim to create imaging systems that can provide continuous, non-invasive, inexpensive monitoring for a variety of organs and tissues in clinical abnormalities.
- Diffuse Optical Imaging and Spectroscopy
(Professor Sergio Fantini)
Diffuse optical imaging is a non-invasive technique for low-resolution studies of biological tissues at a macroscopic scale. Research activities in Professor Fantini's group include near-infrared spectroscopy of tissue for diagnostic, functional, and imaging applications. Research activities include quantitative modeling of light propagation in optically turbid media, the design of optical instrumentation for medical imaging, the development of novel near-infrared spectroscopy, and imaging techniques for medical diagnostics.
- Optical Diagnostics for Diseased and Engineered Tissues
(Professor Irene Georgakoudi)
The ODDET group focuses on the development of optical spectroscopic imaging approaches to monitor and characterize biochemical and morphological aspects of tissue in non-invasive ways. The work relies heavily on optical instrument development and quantitative data analysis approaches that often involve modeling and understanding of the detailed interactions between light and biological matter. Access to a state-of-the-art confocal imaging facility in the BME department is another key aspect in pursuing these aims. Research areas include in vivo flow cytometry; development of novel optical biomarkers for early cancer detection; and optical monitoring of cell-matrix interactions in engineered tissues.
- Optics in the Development of Biomedical Devices
(Professor Mark Cronin-Golomb)
Professor Cronin-Golomb's research activities involve development of novel instrumentation for engineering biomedically relevant structures, and for investigating cellular interactions on the microscopic scale. One example is the use of optical tweezers to investigate the forces that provide the structural integrity of cancers. The research group is interested in the effects of photodynamic therapy on the adhesion of cancer cells to each other and possible links to metastasis. Professor Cronin-Golomb's research group is also involved in a project on the use of photonic bandgap engineering and nonlinear optics to make continuous wave terahertz optical sources for biomedical imaging.
- Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics and Biophotonics
(Professor Fiorenzo Omenetto)
The use of nonlinear optics, femtosecond laser pulse control and appropriately designed (micro and nano) structures in new materials provides a rich field of research and offers unprecedented opportunity for technological advances and new diagnostic approaches. Professor Omenetto's research group is specifically interested in engineered and biomimetic optical materials (such as photonic crystals and photonic crystal fibers) and novel/unconventional organic, sustainable optical materials for photonics and optoelectronics. In particular, in close collaboration with Professor David Kaplan's resident biopolymer expertise, we have pioneered silk optics and we are reinventing silk as a green material for photonics and high technology applications.